Damp – it seems you can’t avoid it, no matter how hard you try. It’s a difficult problem simply because of the nature of damp, and how it acts and affects your surroundings. Moreover, damp has different classifications and your environment needs specific treatment depending on the condition and cause of the problem. It’s elusive to control and hazardous to both your health and the materials around you. So what can you do? What exactly is damp, anyway? Here’s an overview of the top three types of damp which can damage your home.
The three types of damp
Damp comes in three kinds – and it’s important to be able to classify the damp, because each damp should be treated differently. What’s more, they have different causes, so the preventive measures will differ as well from kind to kind. Here are the three kinds of common damp and their attributes:
Condensation. It’s the most common damp, and can often be remedied by a person with reasonable do-it-yourself skills. It’s a damp that stems from the hot, inside air touching colder objects (such as windows) and forming water droplets.
Rising damp. You’ll notice rising damp when walls or surfaces become moist due to water beneath the surface; water seeps up and affects the materials. It often indicates poor materials or older construction.
Penetrating damp. Penetrating damp is water that leaks through walls or other materials – the materials are porous and don’t offer sufficient protection.
What can be done?
Condensation can often be remedied by installing proper insulation; the less the cold and hot surfaces touch each other, the less condensation will form. Proper ventilation is also an important way to combat the problem; installing fans to create an even indoor temperature avoids hot spots. Often a dehumidifier can reduce the moisture in the air and hence, reduce condensation.
Rising damp is noticeable at the bottom of walls and on floors. Often the only solution is to rebuild or renovate with better, high-quality materials.
Penetrating damp often forms on walls and ceilings – the cause is often a leak, either in the water pipes or the roof.
The truth is, it doesn’t need to be expensive to treat the damp in your residence – in fact, it can be done much more economically than you think and there’s no reason to spend more than you have to. You do, however, need to understand the different types of damp, their causes, and the way to prevent and cure the problem, and you can only do this with proper timber and damp reports from the experts. When it comes to damp, your health and the health of your loved ones is at stake. Damp causes damage, and should be dealt with properly.
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